|Joseph Joshowitz, 1922, McKeesport, PA|
Joseph came to America twice. The first time he came in 1906 as a single 20-year-old man "Josef Jasowics" with his 30-year-old brother Isak. They were going to join their uncle Josef Eisikovitz in Brooklyn. They were last from Darva, which was the Hungarian name for Kolodne.
|Isak and Joseph Joshowitz's boat record, 1906 (lines 1-2)|
|Joseph Joshowitz's boat record, New York to Southampton, 1908 (line 11)|
Joseph was married in Kolodne on February 8, 1912. His new wife was Esther Rutner, daughter of Shmuel Moshe and Rochel (nee Fuchs) Rutner.
|Ketubah (marriage document) of Joseph and Esther (nee Rutner) Joshowitz, Kolodne, 1912|
|Joseph & Esther Joshowitz (her name is here as Fuksz because her parents weren't legally--only religiously--married, so she had to use her mother's maiden name as her last name) marriage license, 1912, Uglya, Austria-Hungary|
The next year their son Yitzchok was born. But Joseph must have seen promise in America. Before Yitzchok was even a year old, he left Esther and Yitzchok to stay with Esther's parents in Kolodne, and he returned to America. This time, "Yoszef Yosovits" was 32, left behind a wife, and was going to his cousin Eizig Fuchs in New York. (And here we confirm that he returned from America the first time in 1908, so the outgoing boat record would definitely be for him.) He was 5'6" with "bl." (blond? black?) hair and brown eyes.
|Joseph Joshowitz's second boat record, 1913 (line 17)|
|Joseph Joshowitz's Declaration of Intention, 1916|
Back in Hungary, the First World War was breaking out. Having Esther and Yitzchok join him in America was impossible. Joseph registered for the draft.
|Joseph Joshowitz WWI Draft Registration Card|
In 1919 he was able to apply for citizenship.
|Joseph Joshowitz, Petition for Naturalization, 1919|
|Joseph Joshowitz, about 1920|
I haven't been able to find Joseph in the 1920 census (bonus points to whoever finds him for me!). But 1920 was an exciting year for the Joshowitz Family--Esther and Yitzchok (soon Isadore or "Izzy") were able to join their husband and father in America in October of that year. And the very next year the entire family was became citizens when Joseph's citizenship officially came through.
|Joseph Joshowitz Citizenship Certificate, 1921|